A principios del mes pasado, la Asamblea General de la ONU (AGNU) votó para elegir a 14 nuevos miembros del Consejo de Derechos Humanos (CDH) para servir del año 2023 a 2025. Entre los candidatos se encontraban Sudán y Vietnam. El primero fue elegido en una elección de pizarra limpia, lo que significa que el número de candidatos igualó el número de escaños disponibles, mientras que el segundo derrotó a Afganistán y la República de Corea (Corea del Sur).
La elección de ambos estados es profundamente decepcionante.
Sudán está dirigido actualmente por un líder militar que tomó el poder ilegalmente el gobierno de transición esta liderado por civiles en un golpe de Estado en octubre de 2021, y donde el año pasado se caracterizó por el asesinato y la brutalidad en contra de manifestantes pacíficos, y los intentos de revertir los limitados avances en materia de derechos humanos logrados bajo el gobierno de transición, incluso en relación con el derecho a la libertad de religión o creencias.
El Partido Comunista Vietnamita (PCV) ha liderado la parte norte de Vietnam desde 1954, y tomó el control del resto del país en 1975, tras el colapso del gobierno de Vietnam del Sur. Durante ese tiempo, el PCV ha violado repetidas ocaciones los derechos humanos, incluida la LROC y los derechos a la tierra, mientras que continuamente ataca a quienes solicitan o defienden tales derechos con acoso, detención arbitraria, encarcelamiento, violencia física e incluso tortura.
Continue reading “Decepciones en la ONU, pero no debemos dejar que los desafíos oscurezcan el bien que puede lograr“
Earlier this month, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) voted to elect 14 new members to the Human Rights Council (HRC) to serve from 2023 to 2025. Among those elected were Sudan and Vietnam. The former was selected in a clean slate election, meaning that the number of candidates equaled the number of seats available, while the latter defeated Afghanistan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
The election of both of these states is deeply disappointing.
Sudan is currently led by a military leader who seized power illegally from the civilian-led transitional government in an October 2021 coup, and where the past year has been characterized by the killing and brutalising of peaceful protesters, and attempts to reverse the limited human rights gains made under the transitional government, including in relation to the right to freedom of religion or belief (FoRB).
The Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP) has led the northern part of Vietnam since 1954, and took control of the rest of the country in 1975, following the collapse of the South Vietnamese government. During that time, the VCP has repeatedly violated human rights, including FoRB and land rights, whilst routinely targeting those who request or advocate for such rights with harassment, arbitrary detention, imprisonment, physical violence and even torture.
Continue reading “Disappointments at the UN, but we must not let the challenges obscure the good that it can achieve”
By Benedict Rogers
One of the very few non-COVID-19 stories that hit the headlines last month was the rumoured near-death of North Korea’s dictator Kim Jong-Un. For almost three weeks the speculation grew that he was dying or had died, and the discussion around who would succeed him reached near-fever pitch. Would it be his sister Kim Yo-jong? But would conservative North Korea be ready for a female leader? Would it be a senior military leader? But then what would that do to the regime’s credibility in the eyes of the North Korean people, if the Kim dynastic succession was broken?
But then, almost as mysteriously as he disappeared, the man known as “the Dear Leader” re-emerged, opening a fertilizer plant outside Pyongyang. Precisely what had happened remains known only to the core leadership of the world’s most secretive state. There was no shortage of rumours. It was suggested that he may have had surgery, that he may have had coronavirus, that he may simply have escaped Pyongyang to avoid infection and even that he had been injured in a missile test. But will we ever know?
Continue reading “Instead of gossiping about the Kim dynasty, the world should focus on North Korea’s human rights atrocities”
What is the Human Rights Committee?
The United Nations Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) reviews the commitments of States to, and implementation of, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). All States party to the ICCPR are required to report to this treaty body comprised of independent experts after the first year of acceding to the ICCPR, and then at regular intervals thereafter.
The State under review is supposed to report on how well it feels it has been implementing the Articles of the ICCPR. This report is examined by the HRCttee members alongside submissions from civil society actors before each review, after which the State is questioned on its human rights record and commitment to the ICCPR. Violations, cases of concern, and constitutional inconsistencies are among some of the issues highlighted by the Committee during its review.
Once the concerns have been addressed, a document outlining the Committee’s concluding observations, i.e. its concerns and recommendations to the State Party, is published.
Continue reading “The United Nations Human Rights Committee Unpacked”